Stemming from the Latin gossypium, meaning cotton, gossypiboma refers to retained cotton products such as surgical sponges. A gossypiboma can elicit an inflammatory response leading to formation of an intraabdominal abscess, or cause obstructive symptoms due to mass effect.
Manzella A, Filho PB, Albuquerque E, et al. Imaging of gossypibomas: pictorial review. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2009;193:S94-101.